Types of FGM illustrated

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WHO defines FGM as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons, and includes:


                                                             Type I (Clitoridectomy)

Involves partial or total removal of the clitoris.



                                                                            Type II (Excision)

This is the partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora.


                                                    Removed entire clitoris, partial or total cutting of labia inora


                     (Source: WHO/FCH/GWHO/01.3WHO/RHR/01.16)


                  Type III ( Infibulation)

This is the narrowing of the vaginal orifice with the creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris.

Removed clitoris, labia minora, labia majora and stitching together of raw surfaces (infibulations)



Type IV

Includes pricking, piercing or incising of the clitoris and/or labia; stretching of the clitoris and/or labia; cauterisation by burning of the clitoris and surrounding tissue; scraping of tissue surrounding the vaginal orifice or cutting of the vagina; introduction of corrosive substances or herbs into the vagina to cause bleeding or for the purposes of tightening or narrowing it; and any other procedure that falls under the definition of FGM/Cgiven above.


                    (Source: WHO/RHR/01.16)

                                Example;    Pulled LABIA MINORA






Tony Mwebia

Tony Mwebia

Gender Equality Advocate, Writer, Activist & Consultant

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